What was the Helsinki Final Act of 1975 and Basket III?

What was the Helsinki Final Act of 1975 and Basket III?
The Helsinki Accords is the Final Act of the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe held in Helsinki in 1975 between the United States and Canada, the Soviet Union and the countries of Europe, including Turkey but not Albania and Andorra. The civil rights portion of the agreement provided the basis for the work of Helsinki Watch, an independent NGO created to monitor compliance to the Helsinki Accords (which later evolved into several organizations). While these provisions applied to all signatories the focus of attention was on their application to the Soviet Union and its associates, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland and Romania..
The Helsinki Final Act was signed by 35 nations, including the U.S. and USSR, in 1975. The Final Act identifies three areas, commonly called Baskets on which the countries agreed to work together. The agreement on Basket III involving human rights was enthusiastically received by political opponents in East European countries. The IPCC meeting was held on the eve of the CSCE, the official Third Review Conference for the Helsinki Final Act.
The most controversial issue was the Helsinki Accords, which recognized the existing frontiers between states, including those that separated West and East Germany. In return for this provision, which implicitly acknowledged Soviet domination in Eastern Europe, the USSR agreed to respect basic human rights, to ease travel restrictions both to and from and within the USSR, and to allow freer dissemination of information.
Although newspaper reports charged the with numerous human rights violations, including refusal to allow the emigration of Soviet Jews, Ford signed the accords, which he considered a political necessity. He personally attended the signing in Finland in August 1975. Opponents of Communism attacked the accords, accusing Ford of placing interests of the USSR over those of the United States. Even an accord halting the fighting between the Israelis and the Egyptians, signed in September 1975 and arranged by Secretary of State Henry Kissinger, did little to stem Republican criticism of Ford’s foreign policy

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